Family details: Sea turtles

Introduction to Sea Turtles

When it comes to sea turtles, you will find they come in many sizes as well as many colors. They are categorized as reptiles as they are cold blooded. This means they are loosely related to other reptiles including snakes, crocodiles, and lizards. All reptiles have a three chambered heart and scaly skin in common.

They live all over the world with some preferring the tropical waters and others prefer to be where it is cooler. They are found in oceans, lagoons, and bays where they generally stick very close to the shore line. Some of the larger sea turtles though are great divers and they will venture out to the open sea in search of food.

While most types of sea turtles migrate, not al of them do. Those that do take part in it for breeding and to find food can travel several miles to reach their destination. Most of them will return to the place of their own birth for such activities to take place. The mating takes place in the water so there remains plenty we don’t know about it. All sea turtles lay eggs and will dig for nests to deposit them on land. They can offer hundreds of eggs at a time.

There are two distinct types of sea turtle families out there. The first is known as Cheloniidae. These sea turtles feature horny plates that cover their shells. The other is known as Dermochelyidae and they are covered with skin that feels like leather. It is often hard to tell the males and females apart when it comes to sea turtles as they are very close in size both for weight and for length.

Sea turtles will spend almost all of their time in the water. Their bodies are designed to make movement in the water very simple. When the females have to go to land to nest their eggs, it can be very slow and very awkward for them. Their bodies aren’t designed for that process very well but they are fascinating to watch. They are very determined to reach the nesting area, deposit their eggs, and get back to the water. Generally this can all be done within two or three hours.

You will generally find sea turtles living a solitary life. They aren’t territorial so it is common for them to overlap a piece of habitat with others. The only time they are generally found in a group is during migration and mating. Even the new hatchlings that make their way to the water are going to live alone until they are mature enough for the mating process.